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This bibliography takes care of things that have been acquired so far and that have remained in the mind or something that bothers you. For your information.

Wright's House Nature Human Architecture Frank Lloyd Wright   Shokokusha 1967

The heat and cold of summer and winter are sometimes a response to the body. By devising how to make the house, we continue to seek out that it feels as "comfortable heat and cold", so to speak "coolness and warmth". Solid insulation of the roof, ventilation from near the ridge, construction of the wall and ceiling of the house, air flow by the position of the opening, control of solar radiation, etc. It seems that there are various issues. The following is a quote about winter floor heating and insulation, but it is interesting to note that summer measures have a common perspective.

<But in cold climates it is better to consider insulation for floor heating. If the floor is heated by gravity heating (floor heating with hot water piping), wall insulation becomes less important. Keeping the window open even when it's cold, it's comfortable. Because my feet are warm and I am warm even sitting down .... In this case, insulation of the ceiling becomes important. The heat goes up, but if the ceiling is cold, the air is also chilled down there. The room temperature does not rise no matter how much it warms up. If the heat insulation of the ceiling is good enough to carry cold, this gravity heating can warm the house more economically than any other heating method. >

Wright is known for trying to apply to the architecture the organic nature of nature that has the power to form inside. "Light's house" is based on this idea in line with the house from the familiar place. Also, an easy-to-read new translation has recently been published as the "House of Nature" Chikuma Kuma Art Museum.

Love architecture Gio Ponti  Art Publishing Company (out edition) 1962

The work of G. Ponti who is a leading architect in Italy and a theoretical leader in the design world. The narrative is familiar and can be said to be a poetic poetic of the mental world by pervading the human society extensively. The editor of the magazine Domus (DOMUS), and the Pirelli Bill of Milan is considered to be a representative work. <Primary society was complete. Equal residents belong to the primordial society. Diversity-individual independence-is a conquest of a developed civilization. And it is a measure of civilization. Who exaggerates overall equality? <Technology is collective, but art is personal. And great individual artists, geniuses are all already collective in their own individuality. Because they represent universal things. > <Architects should listen to the building. Or the duty to the building itself will bring them to the high existence of the building, where they should hear the command and try to give it up. It is good for readers and architects to know that from a certain moment there is no more creative work on the side of the architect, but only an intuition to light up. Buildings are no longer a divergence of the works of architects, but the works of architects are a divergence of buildings. > These words give endless suggestions to everyone involved in the creation of things.

Housing and Culture by A. Rapporte  Daimeido 1987

What factors determine the form of housing? Here, Lapoport lists socio-cultural factors and factors such as natural environment, construction methods, materials, and technology, the former factor is the main determinant, the latter factor is only the correction factor, and the socio-cultural factor About culture, ethos, worldview, nationality, etc., and the purpose of residence is to go beyond the concept of pragmatism and to create a social unit of space that is most suitable for people's lifestyles There is. The cultural anthropologist Rapport's point of view is, for me, not only the term “coexistence with the present environment” but also the negative meaning that the direction of our life is determined by the adaptation with the natural environment. From an evolutionary point of view, things based on a positive will for realizing a culture, a view of the world, etc. are even more important. To make a dwelling would be "what you have to mind".

Learning from a tree Tsunekazu Nishioka  Shogakkan library 1991

Isn't it good to say that it is also a collection of the gems of the gemstones? Horyuji, Japan's proud of the world, is a compilation of the words spoken by Miyaoka, Nishioka Muji, who conveys the spirit of "Asuka's Takumi" to the present. <My thoughts on Yakushiji are in the water smoke above the east tower. It depicts a figure of Heavenly Person falling down, but it is an idea to move Heavenly Pure Land to this earth. That's the basic attitude of design. It is another thing that reproduces Heavenly Pure Land once more. > Yakushi-ji Temple is, of course, a Buddhist temple, but I can be reminded that the spirit of the Miya-carpenter is in this place. At the moment, carpenters with an ancient spirit are disappearing, but I think that we should not forget such traditional Japanese culture as the end of wooden architects.

A street for humans by B. Ludovsky   Kajima Publishing Co. 1973

When the streets were out of space for pedestrians by the entry of cars, we took away the enjoyment of human life. The original function of the city was the exchange function. It can be said that the city has become a business city with the aim of improving productivity through modern times. As a result, it can be said that the street has gone from an oasis to a desert for humans. The original streets, especially in the Italian cities, were the setting devices for people's lives, as well as a great world theater. <If you get crowded in the open space, you can hear thousands of stories from around you. The loud screams I heard every day were the merchant's well-bought sellers in the morning market. He asked why people make such a fuss and found an answer. It's fun --- nothing more than fun. > This is the impression of a traveler standing on the terrace of the Piazza di Napoli. Furthermore, Ludowski compares the Latin cities such as Italy and Spain with the Anglo-Saxon cities such as the United Kingdom and the United States, and sees that the pleasure of the original city streets has been lost to the latter. Read this book to see why. This author's “Architectural architecture” SD book, “Artmen of Threats” Kashima Publishing Association, etc. are also good.

In addition, the discussion of the Place des Vosges, etc. of the “Two cities story of the residence of the city” is very suggestive.

Rediscovering the beauty of Japan By Bruno Taut Iwanami Shinsho 1939

Taut lived nearly the same age three years older than Gropius, the founder of modern architecture and founder of Bauhaus. As was known, the Bauhaus was closed by the Nazis, but just as Gropius fled to the United States, Taut also encountered Japanese architecture while staying in Japan, who stopped by in exile from his home country. there were. The beauty of the Katsura Imperial Villa, Ise Shrine, farmers of Hida Shirakawa, and houses of Akita were rediscovered. Since then, this critique is also described as having reached the depths of Japanese culture. <Decoration --- Where it is about trying to compensate for the lack of architecture with a largely Buddhist ornament, and where the architect must design the ordered form as a mere servant--Nikko Akira There is. On the contrary, where the elements are clean, new issues are solved with sincerity, where the architect is given the freedom to do this, where the architect is recognized by his ability, the architect is The place where hope opens up to be able to become a modern “Damyom” by the spiritual work --- there is a Katsura Imperial Palace as a far-reaching goal. > After the translator, it is said that Taut was always impressed by Kant's tombstone inscription "The shining starry sky, inner moral law" in the same town.

Aiming at architecture by Le Corbusier  SD Selection 1967

 If you say that Corbusier is a painter, you may call it an architectural theorist more than that. If a house is a machine to live in, then it is more an art. The paradox is always attached to Corbusier's words. In other words, it stands on the contradictory element. <Architecture is an artistic fact, an exciting phenomenon, beyond the problem of construction, beyond it. The structure is "do not break". Architecture is to "provide impression." Architectural excitement is when the sound of the work makes us the ruler of the rule of the universe, admits it, and clarifies it in your mind. When a certain proportion is reached, we take control of the work. Architecture is "proportional" and it is "pure creation of the spirit". > The classic form of architect Palladio in the late Italian Renaissance has been denied, but the proportion of Palladio is firmly alive in Corbusier's architecture. The commonality of Rotonda and the House of Savoie, this was pointed out by Korin Loew of Mannerism and Modern Architecture. This work strongly reminds me of the spirit of 36-year-old young Corbusier's life.

A Trip to Shaker Hiroshi Fujikado  The Library Publishing Office at Home

* O-Cube 1996.9 Living Design Center OZONE What I got by reading this book is that I could find that "shaker" has a thick bloodline in modern living design and lifestyle. Shaker is a Christian group that expanded its activities to the North American continent from the end of the eighteenth century and lived a life of self-supporting life as a group. The ideas and beliefs of life there are simple and rural hobbies, but isn't it possible to find that spirit in the houses of Antonin Raymond and Junzo Yoshimura? There is a picture of the interior of the meeting room in this book, but you will notice a wooden chair hung on the wall, like a hat on your head. Seeing this, I was impressed about the intimate relationship between the object and the mind through faith. Now that it is said that it is an age without power to create new things, let's look back on Shaker's saying that "hand is work, mind is god," beauty without practicality will eventually become unpleasant and will need to be replaced constantly. Isn't it also useful? In addition, Shaker's group life feels in conjunction with the proposed forms of aggregation such as Robert Owen and Charles Fourier. It may be said that there is something close to the way of collective housing and worker's collective life in the modern meaning. From this point of view, it can be said that it is a valuable historical document for exploring the form of the current community. “Traveling to the Shaker” is a good book full of people with such a shaker and the author who has traced a living past base facility, with a clear look and warm heart.

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